Sapphire Diamond Pendant Earrings
Origin of Name
The word "parure" was first applied in the 17th century to refer to a set of three or more matching pieces of jewelry, but later its definition was widened to include an entire wardrobe or suite of matching jewelry. Parures reached the height of its popularity in the Neoclassical period (late Georgian period in Britain) from around 1760 to 1830, particularly during the Napoleonic era that extended from around 1800 to 1814.
Napoleon Bonaparte restored Paris to its former glory as an international fashion center after the tumultuous years of the revolution, and extended his patronage to the jewelry craftsmen of Paris. Some of the renowned jewelry craftsmen whose services Napoleon Bonaparte engaged, to design jewelry for his court, noted for its brilliance and grandeur, were Martin Biennais, Marie Etienne Nitot and Francois Regnault Nitot. Napoleon's court jewelers designed expensive parures for his court made of diamonds, emeralds, rubies, pearls and sapphires or a combination of two or more of these gemstones. Napoleon lavished such expensive parures on the ladies of his court, such as his first empress consort, Empress Josephine and later his second wife and empress consort, Empress Marie-Louise.
Queen Marie-Amelie Sapphire Diamond and Pearl Parure was designed and executed for Queen Marie-Amelie, after her husband Louis Philippe ascended the throne of France as the King of the French, following the July revolution of 1830 that overthrew King Charles X. The parure was a combination of sapphires, diamonds and pearls, and hence referred to as Queen Marie-Amelie's Sapphire Diamond and Pearl Parure. The parure which is now the property of the French Louvre Museum is considered as part of the French Crown Jewels and exhibited in the Apollo Gallery of the museum.
Constituent pieces of jewelry in the Queen Marie-Amelie Sapphire Diamond and Pearl Parure
The pieces of jewelry that constitute the Queen Marie-Amelie Sapphire Diamond and Pearl Parure are :-
1) Sapphire Diamond and Pearl Tiara
2) Shoulder Brooches
3) Belt Buckle
5) A Pair of Earrings
The five pieces of the parure are still displayed in their original case, which clearly depicts the name of the designer Bapst.